On December 31, 2018, on the eve of the New Year, Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a New Year speech for 2019 through China Media Group and the Internet.
The full text of the speech is as follows:
Comrades, friends, ladies and gentlemen,
“Time stops for no one, and the seasons keep changing.” As we usher in 2019, I’d like to extend my New Year wishes from Beijing to you all!
The year of 2018 has been a full year, and we approached it with steadfast determination. Despite all sorts of risks and challenges, we pushed our economy towards high-quality development, sped up the replacement of the old drivers of growth, and kept the major economic indicators within a reasonable range. We made headway in our efforts to protect our blue sky, and to defend our rivers and soil from pollution. And we intensified our efforts to improve people’s wellbeing and steadily raise our standard of living. National strategies such as the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area were steadfastly implemented. During my inspection tours of the country, I was pleased to see the lush green banks of the Yangtze River, the ocean of rice sprouting from the 1,100-hectare pilot plot at Jiansanjiang Ranch, the lively Shenzhen Qianhai Harbor, the bustling Shanghai Zhangjiang High-tech Park, and the bridge that brings together Hong Kong, Zhuhai, and Macao. These achievements are all thanks to the hard work of people from all of China’s ethnic groups, who are the trail-blazers of the new era.
Over the past year, our country has continued to change thanks to home-grown initiatives in manufacturing, innovation, and construction. We successfully launched the Chang’e-4 lunar probe; our second aircraft carrier set sail on its maiden voyage; our domestically-made large amphibious aircraft completed its first water take-off and landing; and the BeiDou Satellite Navigation System has started to provide global service. Let me take this opportunity to salute every scientist, every engineer, and every nation builder who made these achievements possible.
We have also made great stride in our poverty alleviation efforts in the past year. Another 125 poor counties and 10 million poverty-stricken rural residents were lifted out of poverty. We reduced the prices of 17 cancer-fighting drugs, and included them on our medical insurance list. And we are making further efforts to alleviate the illness-caused poverty. Our comrades on the front lines of the fight against poverty are often in my thoughts, including the 2.8 million officials living and working in villages, and the local village leaders. They have been devoted to their work and done an awesome job, and I wish them good health.
My heart goes out to the people living in hardship. In Sanhe Village of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province, I visited the families of two villagers from the Yi ethnic group. In Sanjianxi Village in Jinan City in Shandong Province, I sat down with the family of Zhao Shunli to hear about their day-to-day life. In the Donghuayuan community in the city of Fushun in Liaoning Province, I visited Chen Yufang’s family to learn about how they were settling in after being relocated from a dangerous area. In Lianzhang Village in Qingyuan City in Guangdong Province, I discussed with a villager named Lu Yihe how we could help to relieve his household’s poverty. I can vividly recall their down-to-earth sincerity. I would like to wish all of them and their fellow villagers a prosperous and thriving New Year.
In 2018, we celebrated the 40th anniversary of China’s reform and opening up. We unveiled a comprehensive and systematic overhaul of both Party and State institutions. We launched over 100 major reform measures, held the first China International Import Expo, and began construction of a pilot free trade zone in Hainan. The world has seen China’s accelerating reform and opening up, and its determination to carry it forward. China’s reforms will never stop, and its doors will only open ever wider.
I noticed that in the past year, many people who went into college when enrollments first resumed in 1977 have retired. In their place, a large number of people born after the year 2000 have entered into university. More than 100 million people from our rural areas are gradually becoming permanent residents in our cities. Thirteen million have found jobs in cities, and construction has begun on 5.8 million new homes for those people living in dilapidated houses. Many have already moved into their new warm homes. Many people from Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan now have resident permits for the mainland, and Hong Kong has been included in the national high-speed railway network. China, as a country of people on the move, is energetically pursuing prosperity. We are running at full speed towards the realization of our dream.
At this point, I’d like to mention several leading lights. There’s Nan Rendong, a Chinese scientist after whom an asteroid was named a few months ago; Lin Junde and Zhang Chao, who joined the long list of exemplary soldiers in the People’s Liberation Army; Wang Jicai, who for 32 years served on a border island; and Huang Qun, Song Yuecai, and Jiang Kaibin, who sacrificed their lives protecting an experimental offshore platform; and there are many others who have made their ultimate sacrifice for the country. They are the most admirable people in China’s new era, and we should remember their names forever, and learn from their deeds.
In 2018, China played host to many friends, both old and new. We hosted the annual Boao Forum for Asia, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit in Qingdao, as well as the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. We put China’s proposals on the table and made our voice heard at these and other diplomatic events. I and my colleagues visited five continents and attended many important diplomatic occasions. We spoke with state leaders about wide-ranging issues, we strengthened our friendships, we enhanced mutual trust, and we enlarged our circle of friends.
In 2019, we will celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Our country has braved thorny paths and confronted stormy weathers over the past 70 years. Our people are the country’s solid foundation and our main source of confidence in government. Through the years, Chinese people have been self-reliant and worked diligently to create miracles that the world has marveled at. And now, looking forward, despite the complexities and difficulties we may face on the road ahead, we shall always closely rely on the people and their spirit of self-striving and hard work. With rock-solid confidence, and racing against time with unwavering determination, we will carry forward our great cause bit by bit, and leave enduring footprints behind us.
The year 2019 will see both opportunities and challenges that will require us to work together shoulder to shoulder. Policies to cut taxes and fees must take root in order to ease the burden on enterprises. We must show our sincere appreciation to talents of all kinds, and stimulate their creative energy. We must lend an ear to our officials at the grassroots, and bring energy and greater purpose to those who are ready to be committed to making a difference. We shall remain focused and work hard to achieve our task of lifting another 10 million rural residents out of poverty as planned. We shall take better care of our demobilized soldiers – they have made great contributions to this country. Even as we speak, there are deliverymen, sanitation workers, taxi drivers, and countless others who are working hard. We should share our gratitude with these workers who contribute to the creation of our beautiful society. Their hard work is much appreciated.
Looking at the world at large, we’re facing a period of major change that’s rarely seen in a century. No matter what these changes bring, China will remain resolute and confident in its defense of its national sovereignty and security. And China’s sincerity and goodwill to safeguard world peace and promote common development will remain unchanged. We will continue to push ahead with the construction of the Belt and Road Initiative, and continue to advocate for the development of a community with a shared future for mankind. And we will work tirelessly for a more prosperous and beautiful world.
As we ring in the New Year, let’s embrace 2019 with confidence and expectation.
I give my best wishes to China! And my best wishes to the world!