China three gorges dam leading in the production of clean energy by Muhammad Zamir Assadi

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China three gorges dam leading in the production of clean energy

Yichang, June 18: The largest hydroelectric dam in the world three gorges located on the Yangtze river have reached record highs with an installed capacity of 119 Gigawatt in 2016.
The journalists from South Asian and South East Asian countries had an opportunity to visit the gigantic dam known as proud of Chinese people stretched to almost 1.4 miles in length and 185 meters tall.
In a briefing to the journalists, it was told that the construction of the dam was completed in 17 years divided in to three phases carrying 32 power generators.
The first phase of the dam (1993-1997) witnessed the historic closure of Yangtze river while the second phase (1998-2003) was symbolized by the impoundment of the reservoir to the level of 135 meters, the commencement of power generation of the first group of generating units and the operation of the double way five step ship locks.
The third phase (2004-2009) characterized by the commissioning of all generating units in the left and right bank power houses.
Historic record shows that during the 2000 years period, Yangtze river witnessed 214 devastating floods averaging every 10 years.
In 1931, severe floods engulfed the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze river killing 145, 000 people while in 1935, devastating flood swept across 53 counties and cities on the Jiangshan plain killing 142,000 people.
In 1954, a serious flood disrupted the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway for more than 100 days claiming 33,000 lives.
In 1998, a major flood in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze river resulted in the death of 1,562 people and economic losses of 2,300 billion RMB.
The founder of modern China Sun Yat-Sen, the leader of China’s democratic revolution ambitions the three gorges project and during 1940s the nationalist government with the assistance of American experts made an engineering plan.
After the foundation of People’s Republic of China, the possibility for the project of three gorges dam surfaced successfully.
The Chinese communist party and the state leaders with the engineers pro-actively worked for the three gorges project.
Starting in the 1950s tens of thousands of scientists and engineers participated in the feasibility study and design of three gorges project.
After 1980s central government mobilized more than 400 distinguished experts to conduct scientific study for feasibility of the project.
In 1992, 5th plenary session of national people’s congress adopted a resolution for the project and tis day was regarded as historic for Chinese nation.
The Chinese Government has been fulfilling four goals from this project describing as flood control, power generation, navigation and tourism. The dam have a flood control capacity of 22.15 billion cubic meters.
The China Three Gorges (CTG) Dam have been producing about 84.6 billion kilowatt hours of clean energy annually.
In 2016, the dam successfully achieved the trial impoundment target of 175m for the 7th consecutive year, with prominent benefits for the cascade power stations,
Since its operationalization, the CTG has taken the full responsibility for the building of 4 large scale hydro power stations of Xiluodu, Xiangjiaba, Wudongde and Baihetan in the lower reaches of the Jinsha river.
The CTG has become the world leader in the production of renewable energy backed by a workforce of 35,000people and a total assets of RMB 654.8 billion.
The group is specializing in hydropower development and operation, as well as in the development of new energies of wind and solar power in China and abroad.
China three gorges corporation has established a professional management team offering consulting services under which they have completed power development cooperation and planning in South Africa.
It also provided planning of wind power in four coastal provinces in Myanmar and consulting services for the operation management of Murum hydropower station in Malaysia.
CTG has been engaged in optimizing basin planning for Pakistan at the Karot hydropower station on Jhelum river.
In Brazil, they are increasing asset utilization, improving maintenance planning and refining demand management for existing assets in Brazil.
By 2022, 120 large hydropower generating units with the capacity greater than 700 MW each will have been built around the world, over 80 will be operated and managed by three gorges.

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